Yes. Speed is training your body to fire its muscle fibers, especially at a certain tissue length, and at a certain rate of force production. These are all trained into the reflexes of your muscles. When your muscles are fast, you can easily make it slow down. If you have slow muscles, you can't make it fire quickly.
A person who learns a slow martial arts such as Tai Chi has a hard time with quicker martial arts, that is not how they trained their muscles. But a martial artist who trained fast martial arts can easily transition to a slow art later in life when they feel the need to slow things down. The transfer works only one way.
What About Yoga For Sports?
So a sprinter can run long distances. But a long distance runner may not be able to sprint at respectable speeds. Your body will always adapt to imposed demands. If you do not impose speed demands on it, it will not make the necessary adaptations to be able to run quickly. But if you were slow, and learned to be fast, you can be fast and slow, you can pick your gear.
What About Running For Weight Loss?
And stride for stride, running on your heels is like putting on the breaks every time you run. So a lot of people who were able to get away with heel striking when they jogged cannot do so when they run fast. Whereas midfoot striking allows one to run fast or slow without the same impact to your skeletal system as well as connective tissue.